Symptoms of Underactive Thyroid in Women

An underactive thyroid or Hypothyroidism happens when the thyroid gland is not able to produce thyroid hormones. Because the thyroid is an endocrinal gland, it produces certain hormones into the body’s bloodstream. These are chemicals that the body itself creates and help in adjusting and controlling the functions of the different organs and cells. When there is a lack of these thyroid hormones, the body’s metabolism significantly slows down. The symptoms of underactive thyroid in women are often mistaken as indications for other medical problems, because they have a lot of similarities. However, these symptoms must not be taken for granted because they can cause serious complications.

It is a fact that there are people who are more prone in developing hypothyroidism than others. Women, more than men, are more likely to acquire it. Reports have shown that about 50 % of females develop an underactive thyroid during their menopausal period. These can be caused by hormonal changes that take place at particular stage of their lives. The symptoms of underactive thyroid in women include excessive weight gain that happens quickly- a sign that the rate of metabolism has decreased; stronger menstruation that lasts longer than normal; fatigue, an indication of other problems, but also associated with hypothyroidism; bloating and puffiness; joint and muscle pains; overly dry skin; and continuous forgetfulness. A skin condition called Myxedema is a signal of a more advanced type of Hypothyroidism. This can eventually cause congestive heart failure if the disease is not treated immediately. A pregnant woman can also develop an underactive thyroid and display symptoms fatigue and depression. If not checked immediately, the baby could be born with defects.

The early symptoms of underactive thyroid in women must not be ignored and addressed immediately. A physical exam and blood tests must be given to determine whether these symptoms are indeed cause by an underactive thyroid or another illness altogether. If it is indeed hypothyroidism, the treatments include medication or being given a synthetic thyroid hormone, depending on the severity of the condition. A physician must be consulted immediately to be able to best evaluate these symptoms, come up with a diagnosis, and begin treatment as soon as possible.

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